Types of Printers

“A printer is an external output device that takes data from a computer and generates output in the form of graphics/text on a paper”.

A printer is a mechanical or electro-mechanical device that marks an image on a surface such as paper, film, or other material. Printers of computer type send the output to a USB port, or through a wired or wireless connection to a computer. The printer is thus an external output device, typically being connected by USB, Firewire, or parallel interface to a computer by way of the input device. Printers are usually not considered part of semiconductor components as printers are to be interpreted as outputs for a data processing system.

What is a Printer?

Printers are devices that provide text and graphics as the output on a physical medium such as paper. As prints are physical copies, they are often called hard copies because they offer better accessibility to the data than the VDU (Visual Display Unit). There are two categories of printers: impact printers and non-impact printers.

Ink ribbon mechanisms that physically contact the paper are used in impact printers to produce characters and images on a piece of paper.

A non-impact printer creates text and graphics on a sheet of paper without contacting it directly.

Different types of Printers

There are two primary categories of printers. The following are the categories: –

  • Impact Printers
  • Non-Impact printers

Pages per minute (ppm) are the standard measurement of printer speed. DPI (dots per inch) is a measure of the resolution of a printer. When the number is higher, the resolution is greater.

There are two types of printers.

Impact Printers

An impact printer makes contact with the paper. It usually forms the print image by pressing an inked ribbon against the paper using a hammer or pins. Following are some examples of impact printers.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Impact Printers

Impact printers are commonly characterized by the following advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages:

Cost

The impact printer is the most economical printing technology, and recent advancements have further enhanced their performance. Due to the simplicity of the technology, both the printers themselves and the lowest cost per page of the printers belong to the affordability category. In this technology, a ribbon is impacted by an actuator to create a mark on the paper.

Reliability

It is well known that impact printers are reliable and can withstand extreme temperatures, humidity, and dust without malfunctioning. Inkjet printers and laser printers require more maintenance, while their technology is less delicate, so they have fewer operational issues and require less maintenance.

Applications

Lasers and inkjet printers have few features that can compare to the multi-page printing ability of impact printers. They are capable of printing multi-page documents, such as forms and carbon copies, and they can print barcodes as well. A further advantage of these papers is that they can be used in a larger format than single pages, which makes them ideal for data logging. A heat-sensitive label can also be printed on and condensed printing can be done with an impact printer.

Performance

The main advantage of impact printers is that they require less maintenance and can withstand harsher conditions. In spite of lower print quality, these printers can produce high volumes at high speeds. Although they are less expensive than more expensive laser printers. There is an advantage to this when the quantity of prints is more important than the quality. In addition, impact printers are effective in environments with infrequent printing because of the ribbon technology employed. Ribbons for impact printers do not dry out as fast as those from other types of printers, so they remain effective for longer even when they are not in use.

Disadvantages:

  • There is a sound made when the plastic head strikes the paper.
  • The resolution on these printers is poor.
  • It is possible for a paper to get stuck inside pins.
  • The paper has to be adjusted manually.

There are Eight types of impact printers. Here are a few examples:

  • Dot-Matrix printer
  • Daisy wheel printer
  • Thermal Printer
  • Plotter Printer
  • Drum printer
  • Line Printer
  • Chain Printer
  • Band Printers

Here are these types we will discuss in detail!

1. Dot-Matrix Printer

dot-matrix printer
Source: rscsbd.com

The dot-matrix printer uses print heads containing from 9 to 24 pins. These pins produce patterns of dots on the paper to form the individual characters. The 24 pins dot-matrix printer produces more dots than a 9 pin dot-matrix printer, which results in much better quality and clearer characters. The general rule is: the more pins, the clearer the letters on the paper. The pins strike the ribbon individually as the print mechanism moves across the entire print line in both directions, i-e, from left to right, then right to left, and so on. The user can produce a color output with a dot-matrix printer (the user will change the black ribbon with a ribbon that has color stripes). Dot-matrix printers are inexpensive and typically print at speeds of 100-600 characters per second.

Advantages And Disadvantages

Dot-matrix printers have the following advantages and disadvantages:

ADVANTAGESDISADVANTAGES
Markets often have affordable Dot Matrix printers.Dot-matrix printers have a lower output resolution than laser or inkjet printers.
Printing costs for Dot Matrix printers are among the lowest.Pins on the paper cause the printer to make a noise.
As they work on continuous paper feed, these printers do not require frequent paper changes.Pins bend quickly, causing the print head to break.
Since these printers can tolerate extreme conditions, they are widely used in industrial environments.It takes time to adjust the paper in this printer manually.

Features

We have provided a brief overview of some of the characteristics of Dot matrix printers.

Ribbons

Ink is applied to the ribbon of a dot matrix printer. In order to pass on the ink to the paper, the paper feeder moves the paper when it is directed to do so by the computer.

Pins

Pins play a key role in the quality and performance of a dot-matrix printer since they impact both. In this printer, pins play an important role.

Working

Dot-matrix printers are built on the basis of their pins. Documents and images can be printed using these printers. This matrix system consists of several pins that print one text or shape. The inked ribbon is then touched by numerous metal pins, and the image is transferred to the tractor feed paper cover.

2. Daisy-wheel Printer

Daisy wheel printer on table
Source: bekasiotomotif.com

In order to get the quality of type found on typewriters, a daisy-wheel impact printer can be used. It is called a daisy-wheel printer because the print mechanism looks like a daisy; at the end of each “Petal” is a fully formed character that produces solid-line print. A hammer strikes a “petal” containing a character against the ribbon and the character prints on the paper. Its speed is slow typically 25-55 characters per second.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Daisy wheel printers have the following advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages

The daisy wheel printer, although based on ancient technology, still offers advantages that should not be overlooked. As a general rule, the daisy wheel printer has the following advantages and disadvantages.

Affordability

Markets are easily stocked with this type of printer. They are popular because of their ease of use and low cost compared to inkjet and laser printers. The printer is priced more affordably than most of the newest printers on the market since it uses proprietary technology.

Create Carbon Copy

A carbon copy can also be made with an impact printer, which is famous for printing carbons. It is also known for printing carbon copies, just like a dot matrix printer. Thus, carbon copies can also be printed on this type of printer.

Low Maintenance Cost

It is not just easy to find this type of printer on the market. This type of printer is also affordable to purchase and affordable to maintain. This printer does not need to be maintained since its ribbon only becomes dry after some time and no ink is left.

Better Quality

The dot matrix printer was introduced in the late 20th century and is an extremely rare type of printer. Compared to the dot matrix printer, this model was more flexible and productive. However, the dot matrix printer is a lot less durable than this printer. This printer produces prints that are of a higher quality than dot-matrix printers.

Heavy Grade Paper Prints

This printer is ideal for printing heavy grades paper that is usually unable to be printed by normal printers. Printing heavy grades of paper was not possible with dot matrix printers.

Better Print

The Daisy wheel printer is of superior print quality, technology, and can handle heavy paper without issue according to the above discussion. Daisy wheel printers are also more durable than dot-matrix printers. Their combined advantages over dot-matrix printers make them superior.

Fonts Change

Daisy wheel printers are designed with a rotating disk that has characters on it that come into contact with the paper when required. There is a possibility to change the font style in those discs easily, as well as changing the characters. Such functions were not available with dot matrix printers.

Disadvantages

Slow in Speed

Daisy wheel printers take a long time to print. Although the dot matrix printer is much faster than the inkjet printer and laser printer based on the newest technologies. Despite its speed, it still lags behind more modern printers like inkjet printers and laser printers.

Unable to Print Graphics

A black and white or color text can be printed from this type of printer, but graphic images cannot be printed from it. The biggest problem with this printer is that it cannot print graphic images. Buyers should be aware of this when purchasing this printer.

Produce Distortion

The distortion and noise you will experience while printing from this type of printer will cause you to be distracted from your work. This type of printer has much more noise than laser printers and inkjet printers. When you are using this type of printer, you will be seriously disturbed.

Limited Characters

You will notice with this type of printer that the rotating disc has very limited characters, which is why you will have trouble printing. There is a way to change the font to one’s liking, but it takes a lot of time. The disc also only contains a few character printing capabilities.

Produce Noise

During printing, this type of printer makes quite a bit of noise. As a result of its rotating disc, it generates a high level of noise while printing. It rotates repeatedly to print each character. You may also be annoyed by the combination of slow printing and noisy printing.

Expensive

This printer was invented at a later time than the dot matrix printer so this printer is much more expensive than the dot matrix printer.

3. Line Printer

Line printer
Source: indianbarcode.com

In businesses where an enormous amount of material is printed, the character-at-a-time printers are too slow; therefore, these users need line-at-a-time printers. Line printers, or line-at-a-time printers, use a special mechanism that can print a whole line at once; they can typically print the range of 1,200 to 6,000 lines per minute. Drum, chain, and band printers are line-at-a-time printers.

Rather than individual cut sheets of paper, line printers use continuous forms of paper. The print head does not move across the page width continuously but instead prints one line at a time.

There are two types of line printers: drum printers and line printers. In high-speed printing, line printers are still used today, even though they were developed in the 1930s.

Their high printing speeds are in part due to the fact that they print one line at a time (rather than one character at a time). There is typically a speed range of 500 to 2,000 lines per minute for line printers.

Advantages

  • Their high speed enables them to handle large quantities of printing.
  • It is affordable.
  • Unlike other models, this is more durable.
  • It is affordable to purchase consumables.
  • The environmental impact of consumer goods is lower.
  • Perfect for use in an industrial environment.
  • Prints better in extreme temperatures and against dust than other types of printers.

Disadvantages

  • Printing graphics is not recommended.
  • The quality of printouts is poor.
  • Generate a lot of noise during printing.
  • There is a low demand for continuous paper forms, so they are no longer available.

4. Thermal Printer

thermal printer
Source: pngitem.com

John Kilby, a thermal printer inventor, has invented a thermal printer. Thermal printers are also referred to as electrothermal printers, thermal transfers, or thermal impression printers. The image is rendered on paper using heated pins. Among the many industries that use these printers are education, finance, computing, food, retail, entertainment,  fax, and transportation. Unlike traditional printing presses, these printers don’t use ink so they are inexpensive and easy to use. Thermal paper is the primary medium for image processing.

Advantages

  • Noise level is low.
  • Fast printing speed.
  • Unlike other printers, it is more durable.
  • Since thermal printers do not require cartridges or ribbons, organizations can save money on the investment.
  • When compared with other forms of printing, it becomes more efficient and faster when printing monochromes.
  • Printed clearly.
  • Simple to operate.
  • There is no cost for toner or ink.
  • Operating at a quiet pace.
  • There are fewer moving parts, so it lasts longer.
  • Fewer buttons and software are involved, so it is easier to use.
  • There are a variety of models and sizes available, and they are largely inexpensive.

Disadvantages

  • It is common for thermal printers not to print in color.
  • The shelf life of paper is short.
  • Ink consumption may be higher and printing might not be precise if they become too warm.
  • Expensive to buy paper.
  • when a printhead breaks down, it can be very costly to repair due to the high heat used while printing.
  • It is important to store the paper at room temperature.
  • Image quality is poor.

5. Plotter Printer

wireless plotter printer
Source: ontimesupplies.com

Remington-Rand is credited with developing the first plotter in 1953. Using ink or toner instead of a pen, pencil, marker, or other writing devices, this method provides vector graphics and methods for drawing continuous lines. This method is typically used for printing hard copies of schemes and other documents.

Advantages of Plotter Printer

  • They are capable of printing on many types of flat materials.
  • Large sheets can be plotted with high-quality results.

Disadvantages of Plotter Printer

  • In comparison to a traditional printer, plotters are quite large.
  • Unlike a traditional printer, a plotter is much more expensive.

Types of Plotter

Plotter types differ based on whether they use pens or not. Plotter types with drums and those with flatbeds use pens. Electronic plotters do not use them.

1. Drum Plotter

drum plotter printer
Source: ontimesupplies.com

Plotter is attached to the drum surface in this design. Plotter pens are horizontally positioned over the target area while the drum is rotated back and forth. To produce a graphic or design, a computer controls the drum and the pen(s). As a result of the complex mechanism, this printer prints slowly.

2. Flatbed Plotter

flatbed plotter printer
Source: vidyagyaan.com

A flatbed plotter plots on a rectangular flatbed surface that is laid out with papers spread over it. Paper is normally not moving, and the movement is provided by a mechanism that holds the pen. When in use, the pen moves left, right, up, and down. A limited number of plots can fit on each bed. It is used to design automobiles, ships, aircraft, roads, and highways.

3. Electrostatic Plotter

printing with electrostatic plotter
Source: alibaba.com

It is highly possible that these images are created using electrostatic charges that result in images that are created by tiny dots on special paper. During the development process, the image can be seen on paper. This type of plotter produces images of extremely high resolution and is faster than pen plotters.

Because of excessive mechanical movement, plotters normally run at a very slow speed. Therefore, the CPU and plotter are unable to match each other’s speed. In order to prevent this from happening, the plotter is first activated and the output is transferred to the tape via the CPU.

6. Drum Printer

printing with drum printer
Source: rcsri.org

A drum printer consists of a solid, cylindrical drum that has raised characters in bands on its surface. The number of print positions across the drum equals the number available on the page. This number typically ranges from 80-132 print positions. The drum rotates at a rapid speed. For each possible print position, there is a print hammer located behind the paper. These hammers strike the paper, along the ink ribbon, against the proper character on the drum as it passes. One revolution of the drum is required to print each line. This means that all characters on the line are not printed at exactly the same time, but the time required to print the entire line is fast enough to call them line printers. Typical speeds of drum printers are in the range of 300 to 2000 lines per minute.

7. Chain Printers

A chain printer uses a chain of print characters wrapped around two pulleys. Like the drum printer, there is one hammer for each print position. The circuitry inside the printer detects when the correct character appears at the desired print location on the page. The hammer then strikes the page, pressing the paper against a ribbon and the character located at the desired print position. An impression of the character is left on the page. The chain keeps rotating until all the required print positions on the line have been filled. Then the page moves up to print the next line. Speeds of chain printers range from 400 to 2500 characters per minute.

8. Band Printers

A band printer operates similarly to a chain printer except it uses a band instead of a chain and has fewer hammers. Band printer has a steel band divided into five sections of 48 characters each. The hammers on a band printer are mounted on a cartridge that moves across the paper to the appropriate positions. Characters are rotated into place and struck by the hammers. Font styles can easily be changed by replacing a band or chain.

Non-Impact Printers

Non-impact printers do not use a striking device to produce characters on the paper; because these printers do not hammer against the paper they are much quieter. Following are some non-impacted printers.

A non-impact printer is one that does not hit the paper when printing images or text documents. There is no physical contact between the printer and the paper. There are different technology types for transferring ink onto paper in non-impact printers. The most common ones use spray ink, while others use lasers.

Is it typically the case that users ask what the disadvantages of non-impact printers are? The following characteristics are common among non-impact printers:

Advantages:

High-speed printing is possible with them.

They are capable of mass production.

They create images of high quality.

High resolutions are supported.

Disadvantages:

Composite forms cannot be printed.

It is not inexpensive to buy a non-impact printer.

Ink cartridges are expensive.

Comparison Chart of Impact and Non-impact Printers:

NON-IMPACT PRINTERSIMPACT PRINTERS
These printers create images without any physical contact.These printers create images with physical contact.
Mechanical devices are not used by them.Electro-mechanical devices were used by them.
Their printing speed is faster than others.These printers cover a page in 25 seconds.
The process of printing is silent with non-impact printers.The printing process causes so much noise.

Factors for Selecting an Appropriate Printer:

You should look for a few features when selecting a suitable printer for a laptop if you require the best printer for the laptop. The following factors can help you make a good decision in many ways:

Print Quality

The quality of a newsletter or document must be excellent. To achieve the highest quality of images, laser and inkjet printers are the best options.

Cost

The cost of these printers is a significant factor since they aren’t cheap. It is a good idea to choose a printer that has a long lifespan and does not cost much.

Printing Speed

Do you need to print a large number of documents at once? Speed is crucial when you have a lot to do. The speed and quality of non-impact printers can both be improved.

There Are Two Types of Non-impact Printers. Here Are a Few Examples:

  • Ink-Jet Printer
  • Laser Printer
  • 3D Printer
  • All-in-One or Multifunctional Printer
  • LED Printer
  • Dye Sublimation Printer
  • Solid Ink Printer

1. Ink-jet printer

ink-jet printer on  table
Source: beeindia.in

Ink-jet printers work in the same fashion as dot-matrix printers in the form of images or characters with little dots. However, the dots are formed by tiny droplets of ink. Ink-jet printers form characters on paper by spraying ink from tiny nozzles through an electrical field that arranges the charged ink particles into characters at the rate of approximately 250 characters per second. The ink is absorbed into the paper and dries instantly. Various colors of ink can also be used.

One or more nozzles in the print head emit a steady stream of ink drops. Droplets of ink are electrically charged after leaving the nozzle. The droplets are then guided to the paper by electrically charged deflecting plates [one plate has a positive charge (upper plate) and the other has a negative charge (lover plate)]. A nozzle for black ink may be all that’s needed to print text, but full-color printing is also possible with the addition of needed to print text, but full-color printing is also possible with the addition of three extra nozzles for the cyan, magenta, and yellow primary colors. If a droplet isn’t needed for the character or image being formed, it is recycled back to its input nozzle.

Several manufacturers produce color ink-jet printers. Some of these printers come with all their color inks in a cartridge; if you want to replace on color, you must replace all the colors. Other color ink-jet printers allow you to replace ink individually. These printers are a better choice if the user uses one color more than other colors. These printers produce less noise and print in better quality with greater speed.

What is Inkjet Printer?

The printer is now a vital part of a company’s operation. You may need to print a number of online documents. For the purposes of this discussion, an Inkjet printer is one that prints by ejecting droplets of ink onto a surface. Various types of inkjet printers are available, depending on their capabilities.

What is the use of Inkjet Printer?

The inkjet printer today performs multiple functions, including scanning, printing, and copying. They are equipped with cartridges containing ink for the printing process. There has been an increase in the speed and quality of inkjet printers over the past few years.

In spite of the fact that laser printers are the most commonly used at the workplace, there are still a few companies that still use inkjet printers. A printer that uses ink has some advantages as well as some disadvantages, just like any other product. Before making the final purchase, it is advisable to have a brief understanding of these.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Inkjet Printers

At this Stage, The following article will discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of Inkjet Printers / Drawbacks and Benefits of Inkjet Printers. In this stage of the article, you will learn about the advantages and disadvantages of using inkjet printers.

Let’s get started,

Advantages

Initial Cost

Inkjet printers are really inexpensive to purchase. Inkjet printers can produce high-quality images at a surprisingly low cost. An inkjet printer of the same capacity can cost less even than a laser printer. Inkjet printers are an excellent choice for users who are concerned about cost. Several inkjet printers can be purchased by businesses at a discount for office-related tasks. This in turn will increase their productivity because they will save time.

Quality

A high level of pigment is known to be present in ink cartridges. A printer using ink technology provides high-quality output for both images and text. A high-resolution photo should be printed on an inkjet printer as they offer finer and smoother details.

Startup Time

Inkjet printers don’t require wake-up time like laser printers. The printer does not need to heat up before it can begin printing. You can start printing immediately after you turn it on.

Physical Size

An inkjet printer is much smaller and less space-consuming than a laser printer. Despite their advanced technology, inkjet printers seem to take up only small amounts of space. Inkjet printers are the ideal choice for workplaces that lack space.

Portability

Lightweight and plug and play, inkjet printers are all easy to use. Consequently, they are very portable and suitable for both homes and offices. Their user-friendly design allows them to be moved anywhere.

Quietness

Unlike loud printers that produce a lot of noise, inkjet printers do not create a distraction in the workplace. They are exceptionally quiet when they are operating. Unlike dot-matrix printers, they are especially quiet. This means that the business productivity does not suffer.

Disadvantages

Speed

Due to their design for low-volume printing, inkjet printers are slow. You have to wait a long time when printing large documents. Printing colored documents make the situation even worse.

Durability

Since inkjet printers cannot handle high volume printing, we all know they are not designed for it. In addition, they are not as durable either. One of the most common causes of inkjet printer damage is the print head. The cost of purchasing a new printer instead of repairing a broken part is lower when an individual part of the printer fails.

Maintenance

Most inkjet printers experience ink clogging as a common issue. The ink cartridges for inkjet printers must be replaced often, even though automatic maintenance cycles are available. The cartridges are refilled in some companies, instead of being replaced. It still takes time for this to be completed.

Cartridge Expense

Inkjet printers have a relatively low initial investment, but over time they can incur increased expenses. Ink cartridges are particularly expensive. Because it needs to be replaced frequently, its overall price can rise dramatically. It often exceeds the cost of the printer.

Smudges

The ink behind an inkjet printer is called aqueous ink. Due to the high water sensitivity of this ink, the ink needs to dry out. When water contacts the ink before it dries, it will cause a smudge.

Bleeding Effect

If the ink is carried sideways by an inkjet printer, it will cause bleeding on the papers. This capillary action will divert the ink away from the area that should be printed. Remember that this type of document cannot be highlighted using a highlighter marker.

2. Laser Printer

laser printer on wooden table
Source: nytimes.com

A laser printer works like a photocopy machine. Laser printers produce images on paper by directing a laser beam at a mirror which bounces the beam onto a drum. The drum has a special coating on it to which toner (an ink powder) sticks. Using patterns of small dots, a laser beam conveys information from the computer to a positively charged drum to become neutralized. From all those areas of the drum which become neutralized, the toner detaches. As the paper rolls by the drum, the toner is transferred to the paper printing the letters or other graphics on the paper. A hot roller bonds the toner to the paper.

Laser printers use buffers that store an entire page at a time. When a whole page is loaded, it will be printed. The speed of laser printers is high and they print quietly without producing much noise. Many home-use laser printers can print eight pages per minute, but faster and print approximately 21,000 lines per minute, or 437 pages per minute if each page contains 48 lines. When high-speed laser printers were introduced they were expensive. Developments in the last few years have provided relatively low-cost laser printers for use in small businesses.

What is a Laser Printer?

The laser printer uses toner as opposed to ink to print. Laser printers use a similar technology to photocopiers. A beam of light is used to create images on paper with this mechanism, called electrography.

This printer is ideally suited for long-term use. The cost of printing lasers is quite low. High-speed printing is possible with these printers. It is because of this that laser printers are considered affordable. Before, the market was only filled with monochrome laser printers. It is now possible to purchase color laser printers as well.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Laser printers have the following advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages:

Performance

Printing large volumes is the purpose of laser printers. With no jams or other problems, they can print multiple pages at the same time. There will be more performances, as well as a reduction in price, in the future.

Speed

Laser printers work by using a laser beam that moves very quickly, resulting in faster printing. The speed of laser printers is much higher than that of inkjet or dot matrix printers. A laser printer is the best option if you will be printing large amounts of paper. Laser printers are capable of printing up to 20 pages per minute, even on the slowest versions. This means that speed can also lead to higher productivity and efficiency.

Reliability

The reliability and durability of laser printers outweigh the mechanical nature of the devices. Toners do not dry out or evaporate like ink cartridges. The default setting is for them to last forever. A toner can print about 1500 pages up to 60,000 pages on average. Using a laser printer properly can extend its life expectancy.

Overall Cost

Although laser printers are more expensive initially, more papers can be printed for a lower price with a laser printer. No ink cartridges are used here, unlike with inkjet printers. Toner cartridges for laser printers are more efficient than ink cartridges for the same price.

Quality

Laser printers are unbeatable when it comes to quality and sharpness. In particular, text appears more precise and sharp. Essentially, this is because laser technology uses toners that are fused directly into the papers. There are no smudges or smears on it.

Noise Emission

Laser printers make little noise when operating. Laser printers are designed to be quiet when they are operating. It is hard to hear noises in a noisy room, but it is not too bad. The noises are distracting and can be quite disturbing while working.

Disadvantages:

Implementation Cost

The implementation costs of laser printers are high. Laser printers cost almost three times as much as inkjet printers. For this reason, inkjet printers are commonly used at home and for personal use where printing levels are low. The feature of all-in-one printers is especially appealing to those that use color printers.

Paper Options

Laser printers cannot print on every type of paper. Laser printers are designed to print on special laser papers. You will be risking damaging your printer if you use any low-quality paper. Laser printers have also been known to jam when using heat-sensitive media.

Physical Size

Laser printers are generally larger and heavier in comparison to inkjet printers. Inkjet printers contain ink and toner, but laser printers use imaging drums. As a result, they are less portable and more difficult to transport.

Graphics Handling

However, laser printers cannot print high-quality graphics images, even though they are capable of printing simple color prints. Because of this, laser printers are not suitable for printing photographs, or materials that require complex graphics. Therefore, inkjet printers should be used instead.

Power Consumption

It is common to find that laser printers consume large amounts of power even when they are not in use. In the case of a laser printer, the fuser element might become very hot, releasing heat into the environment. This may result in your room becoming very hot. In hot and humid climates, laser printers are not recommended to be used. Nonetheless, the latest laser printer models feature a power-saving mode that allows the printer to use less power.

3. 3D Printer

made dinosaur shape with 3d printer
Source: alibaba.com

In the history of printed technology, Chuck Hull’s 3D printer is among the most significant developments. Chuck Hull’s printer can manufacture 3D objects. The material used in this process includes polymers, plastics, metal alloys, and food. Three-dimensional printers are used to manufacture a wide range of products, including items in the fields of IT, archaeology, dentistry, biotechnology, and aerospace engineering. Physical reconstruction of ancient archaeological artifacts that have been destroyed in the course of time could be made using it.

Advantages:

  • Any 3D design can be printed, regardless of how complex it might seem.
  • 3D printing makes products available as needed, eliminating waste and storage costs.
  • Prototyping and productivity are constant processes.
  • Geometry and shape are infinite with a 3D printer.
  • 3D printing is not harmful to the environment.
  • 3D printing technology requires a high initial investment. The conventional way is more expensive, but it’s cheaper than labor.
  • Local service providers are now offering manufacturing outsourcing services to make 3D printers more accessible.
  • The troubleshooting and maintenance skills of technicians and the ability to design blueprints for products.
  • It takes only a few materials to manufacture a part. As opposed to cutting up non-recyclable materials into large chunks with an alternative method that can waste a considerable amount of material.
  • For 3D printing, plastic is the primary material, but metals are also acceptable. The benefits of plastic over metal are that it is lighter. The importance of light-weighting is particularly important in the auto and aerospace industries, where fuel efficiency can be enhanced through lighter weighting.
  • It is possible to produce objects or items in 3D printing much faster than by molding or machining them within hours.
  • With 3D printing, you can save time on more than just the manufacture of the part. Also, the STL or CAD files can be printed very quickly once the design process is completed.
  • The medical sector is employing 3D printing to help save lives through the printing of organs like hearts, livers, and kidneys. 

Disadvantages

  • Economies that rely on a large number of low-skilled jobs will feel the effects of the loss of manufacturing jobs.
  • Any dangerous object can be created with 3D printers, including knives, guns, and bombs. The policy facilitates the transport of weapons without being detected by terrorists and criminals.
  • The design is inaccurate.
  • 3D printers cost a lot of money.
  • Some products are dangerous.
  • A 3D printer can currently create only small objects. The use of 3D printing will enable the manufacture of large structural items such as architectural structures in the near future.
  • 3D printers are currently able to print up to 100 different types of RAW materials. This is still under development as new raw materials are created.
  • Counterfeiting is 3D printing’s main disadvantage. A counterfeit item can almost never be traced to its source. It will be difficult for many copyright holders to protect their rights, as well as their businesses based on the manufacture of unique goods.

4. All-in-One or Multifunctional Printer

all in one printer
Source: indiamart.com

Most major printer manufacturers today offer these all-purpose printers. Multifunctional printers (MFPs) are widespread across the consumer and business markets but are known as all-in-ones (AIO) in the consumer market. The basic options are printers, scanners, and copiers; however, they differ in features. Products may also have faxing, photographing, or email capabilities.

The most common reason why AIOs are popular is that they provide users with three, four, or five devices at a fraction of the cost. They can reduce clutter on desks and increase the efficiency of an office or home.

Advantages:

Space Saving

Multifunction printers save a lot of space, as you might expect. There’s no need to clutter up your office with four separate machines. All these separate functions can be accomplished by one multi-function printer and it occupies one fourth of the space. Space-saving all-in-one printers are perfect for large businesses as well, particularly if they select a smaller multifunction printer model such as the HP LaserJet Pro M203dw or HP LaserJet Pro M102w.

Price

Saving space is one of the best things you can do. It’s also economical. A multifunction printer’s prices tend to be more expensive than a printer without multifunction capabilities. In comparison to the cost of separately purchasing scanning, copying, and faxing equipment, these units are well worth the price. Separate printers, scanners, copiers, and fax machines would cost considerably more than this, likely exceeding $1,000.

Multifunction printers are by a wide margin the most cost-efficient option when it comes to large corporations or businesses that need all the functions of printing, copying, scanning, and faxing.

Convenience

There’s no denying that all-in-ones are convenient. Instead of having to access four separate machines, you can access one. A multi-function printer helps you save time, money, and space all at once.

Energy Saving

The MFP is energy-efficient and reduces energy costs for printer owners. The more energy-efficient option is to run multiple machines at the same time. This is incredibly inefficient in the long run. It is especially true when you choose a device with an energy-efficient all-in-one design.

Disadvantages:

User Crowding

Are you looking for a printer, scanner, copy machine, or fax machine? Then hurry up! In schools with a single multifunction printer, students had to wait in line and/or schedule “printer time.” There was a real workflow problem. In a situation where multiple people use the same multifunction printer, you are very likely to encounter crowding and wait times. Buying a multi-function printer saves you the expense of purchasing two printers to handle your workload.

Low Specialization

A multifunction printer has a high level of versatility, but they are less specialized than other printers. One of the most significant differences between the two is that all-in-one printers typically do not offer the same number of scanning features as high-end scanners. Copiers like the top of the line models will not typically have a similar set of copying features as all-in-one printers. Some of the most popular HP all-in-one printer models are able to parallel the features of some of the most popular scanners, copiers, and fax machines.

5. LED Printer

LED printer on blue-white background
Source: startech.com.bd

The LED printer is similar to a laser printer. Inks, a fuser, and a drum are used to print black and colored documents. The light was concentrated on the entire drum length of the early Casio and LED printers. The printheads of such printers are light-emitting diodes instead of lasers, and therefore do not affect them. The OKI company patented them in 1989. A laser printer and a LED printer differ in that LEDs employ an ink tray with LEDs to create a static charge for the printer, whereas laser printers rely on a laser and a mirror. Although LED printers do not have as high of popularity as laser or inkjet printers, they are gaining popularity for their unique advantages.

Features: 

  1. Before using the printer, make sure that the power source is connected correctly and that the printer is being synchronized with your computer (special software included with the installation disk).
  2. Next, settings are made for the printing mode, and finally the actual printing process begins.
  3. In a special paper compartment, one sheet of paper is fed into a compartment for applying the print. A roller with an exciting hook is used for feeding the sheet.
  4. A sheet of paper is then passed underneath the printing press. There is a main difference between the devices. Using LED strips and dye is the basis for printing. The laser versions use toner as a coloring material. As the sheet is heated by the LEDs, the toner adheres to the sheet as a result of the high temperature created. A special polymer powder is fed through the nozzles to the paper and adhering to the sheet under the influence of such a high temperature. The powder is applied directly to the entire strip during the printout process. It doesn’t have any special parts that move. So the part of the page that passes beneath the printing press is then deposited in the drawer in front of the printer.
  5. The interconnection of all elements is also assured using special mechanisms and circuits. Their website includes instruction manuals and information about their device. For equipment selection, it is not fundamental in terms of choosing the correct signals.

Advantages: 

  • It is convenient to place in the office or at home due to its compact size and neat appearance.
  • Excellent print quality and speed.
  • Information and images can be displayed in high quality using high resolution (the number of pixels per inch).
  • Blurred text can be prevented by using toner.
  • Strips of LED bulbs are highly reliable and durable.
  • It is essential for the health of the human body as well as the ecological balance that toxic substances are not released when working.
  • An important factor is that the level of noise is low. Large offices and large corporations will appreciate this product.

Disadvantages: 

  • The device costs a lot to operate and maintain. Purchasing toner and replacing parts is expensive. Sheets are generally more expensive to print.
  • In order to refuel with difficulty, it is important to wear protective gear, including rubber gloves and masks.
  • Non-native elements are not allowed in some models. Therefore, original cartridges are used.
  • Speeds are slightly slower than those of laser printers.

6. Dye Sublimation Printer

dye sublimation printer with ink on table
Source: ubuy.com.bd

There are not many dye sublimation printers found in the marketplace. Due to the unusual way in which they print and the wide range of colors available, these machines are typically used as photo printers. As the name implies, dye sublimation presses use a ribbon of solid dye that is heated until it becomes a gas and is then applied in four layers to the printing medium. Three of the prints are colored, the fourth is a clear laminate that protects the prints from heat damage. In addition to extending the lifespan of a photo print, this method is also far more durable than another printer type. Due to their lack of ink spillage concerns and the fact that they use little energy, these machines are excellent. Depending on the model, a battery pack might be included to make the device portable.

Advantages:

  • Printing full-color images on hard surfaces is only possible with sublimation.
  • Inkjet’s color variations and transitions are brighter and more consistent, and you’ll enjoy a better quality picture overall.
  • It is permanent and there is no fading or flaking, unlike some types of ink.
  • A wide variety of colors are available. Sublimation can produce thousands of colors. Additionally, you will not be charged extra for the addition of additional colors.
  • The same cost is applied to printing one item as well as 1,000 items. Therefore, you don’t need to meet a minimum order quantity, and 1-up and promotion items are ideal for small businesses, parties, schools, sports teams, charities,  reunions, and much more!
  • Completely customizable! Sublimation printing is advantageous over conventional printing because it does not require plates, which makes it an ideal solution. Changing elements in designs, such as names or numbers, can be done with these tools.
  • In addition to on-demand printing, sublimation can be produced same day and the same hour, decreasing risk and waste.
  • Learning how to print on a screen can be difficult and quite messy while mastering sublimation is easier.
  • There are advantages and disadvantages to everything, and sublimation is no exception.

Disadvantages:

  • Materials must be polyester coated or polyester fabric must be used.
  • White or light-colored surfaces are required. Printing cannot be done on dark or black surfaces.
  • A printer tends to clog if it hasn’t been used for a long period of time. Clogging risks have been significantly reduced since Ricoh printers were introduced. Nevertheless, we suggest carrying out a nozzle check each week.
  • Inks used for sublimation are considerably more expensive than those used for OEM. The price of your product will be affected by this.
  • The management of colors. Installing the PowerDriver dramatically reduced color management problems. Depending on the graphic/photograph, color management issues can vary among printers.

7. Solid Ink Printer

color Solid ink printer

Solid-ink laser printers save packaging cost and space by using solid ink. In this technology, tinting is made by melting substances into a fluid. Solid ink printers utilize a drum to hold the ink while inkjet printers directly print onto the paper. It may be necessary to move the incense from the printer to the drum as a first step toward obtaining a good color combination. This is because the drum can operate over the moving paper. With the acquisition of Tektronix, Inc.’s color printing division in 2000, Xerox introduced solid ink printers that used Tektronix, Ink., and their pencil-shaped cartridges.

The Advantages of Solid Ink Printing

The technology of solid ink printers has other benefits besides those that we have listed above.

Cheap to Run

The cost of solid ink replacement cartridges is reasonably high, but they produce a high page yield more than making up for this price. From a single stick of ink, solid ink printers can print hundreds of pages. As a result, the tank does not need to be refilled frequently.

Eco-Friendly

Solid ink printers are the type of machine you should look at if you’re concerned about your environmental impact and waste. The Xerox solid ink sticks are contained in a plastic package and do not come in additional packaging. After you have used up all the cartridges you have, there is no waste to dispose of since there are no empty cartridges.

Great for Printing Photos

Solid ink printers are ideal for printing full-color images since they reproduce colors accurately compared to inkjet printers. When printing photos and other graphics, the solid ink melts during the printing process, ensuring accurate color reproduction.

Disadvantages of Solid Ink Printing

Unfortunately, solid ink printers do have their downsides, making them unsuitable for all but the most serious of users. In this stage of the article, we explore some of the downsides of solid ink printers.

Time Consumption

Those looking for speed in their new printer may want to consider other models. For solid ink printers to begin printing, the ink sticks need to melt into liquid form, and the heat needs to be applied for about an hour. This can delay the start of printing, causing the first page to be slower. Also, this printer takes time to warm up and cool down. 

Expensive to Buy

The manufacturer (Xerox) of solid ink printers has full control over the price, considering that the technology is a single supplier. As a result, solid ink printers will be more expensive to purchase outright, especially compared with their inkjet or laser counterparts.

Vulnerable

Their melting temperature is low, making them vulnerable to damage. Despite the fact that solid ink does not melt in the sun once it has been applied to paper, it is not a permanent solution. In the case of solid ink sheets, it has been reported that the heat can distort and smudge the ink during laminating. This is because solid ink melts at a relatively low temperature. In this case, if you need to laminate frequently, a solid ink printer will not be appropriate.

Conclusion

We conclude, there are so many types of printers. But I think, we have considered the most popular types of printers. And from our discussion, we understand that there are different ways is to use the printer according to our needs and requirements. If you want to introduce one of these printers in your home or office then you have needed this details that we provided in this article.

In the market, there are various types of printers, but all of them are dependent on the printer head. If we want to purchase the best printer, then first we need to understand the functions of these heads.

Here we have tried to compile a list of some popular types of printers available in the market. This list is not exhaustive but highlights the most popular printers and their use. We hope the above article would be helpful for the users who want to buy a new printer for their daily purpose.

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